Rainbow Fish Literacy Lesson Plans

Rainbow Fish LiteracyThis mini-theme is based on the literacy selection “Rainbow Fish” written by Marcus Pfister.  Other similar selections written by this author could also be used for instructional purposes.  This lesson plan is part of a nine-week program (or longer) to meet the majority of the kindergarten and pre-kindergarten curriculum outcomes.  A balanced literacy approach is used within the Kinderplans teaching resources.  This approach has proven to be the most effective model used in teaching today.


Modeled Reading

All alphabet letters/sounds and sight words begin with using  popular literature selections for modeled reading.  In this set of lesson plans, the teacher would use Rainbow Fish written by Marcus Pfister and other similar literature selections written by this author.


Shared Reading Follow-Up

The companion emergent reader “Rainbow Fish Retelling” would be used as a follow-up to model the reading process and to introduce the following:


Alphabet Letters:  Rr for “rainbow” and Ff for “fish”


Pre Primer Sight Words:  see, the, you


Rainbow Fish Reader Black and WhiteRainbow Fish Reader Colour








Alphabet and Rhyming Literacy Center Games and Activities

The games outlined below are follow-up activities that are used to reinforce what has been taught using the emergent reader as an introduction to the focus skills.  A collage of the activities/games are provided in the photograph below.


Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound represented in the picture they landed on.


Draw and Print

Students draw a picture card and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound displayed in the picture collage below.


Picture Mnemonic Printing Activity

Students will be involved with focus letter picture mnemonic printing activities as displayed in the photograph below.


Phonemic Awareness, Phonological Awareness and Rhyming Activities

Rhyming, phonemic and phonological awareness activities are always addressed within the units.  These lesson plans based on the book “Rainbow Fish” include suggestions and activities in relation to developing these skills.

Rainbow Fish Literacy Games


Sight Word Literacy Center Games and Activities for 

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the focus sight words (see, the you).


Roll and Print

In this game focus sight words are printed on a blank die.  Students roll the die and print the focus sight word on the templates provided.


Roll, Move and Say

Playing partners take turns rolling a die and moving their game players accordingly on the game board provided.  They must say the sight word that they landed on.


Draw and Say

Playing partners take turns drawing a word card and saying the word displayed.  They get to keep the card if it is read correctly.

Rainbow Fish Sight Word Games


Writing Activity

All lesson plan themes include a follow-up writing and craft activity. The students would complete the craft/writing activity displayed below. The writing template is meant to be a shape book for your young learners to print a sentence about what they have learned about ocean animals.  The fish template was sponge-painted and thick aluminum foil was used for the scales.


Rainbow Fish Writing Craft 

Where Can I Access These Resources?

You can access the resources from the link below


Rainbow Fish Literacy Lesson Plans



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First Weeks of Pre-K Lesson Plans

Library-LionThis is a new mini-literacy unit that I just created and plan to use for the first week of school.  It is a great unit to use to introduce school, library and class rules.  The unit is based on the literature selection “Library Lion”.  The video below would be a follow-up to the reading the book and the activities outlined within this theme.


Library Lion Video


Follow-up Emergent ReaderScreen Shot 2014-05-25 at 9.46.24 PM

My mini-literacy themes include a follow-up emergent reader that is meant to be used for shared, guided and home reading purposes.  Each reader has been specifically designed to introduce specific reading skills within the story context.  The reader “Lion Likes to Read” was specifically designed for this purpose.  It follows a patterned story line that enables your young learners to read it on their own once it has been introduced and practiced during shared and guided reading time. The cover page is shown on the right.  The purpose of this reader is to:

1.  Initiate a discussion on what the students enjoy reading about.

2.  Introduce what a word is and promote tracking from left to right.

3.  Modeling the reading process.

4.  Introduce the initial sounds and letter names of “Ll and Bb”.

5.  Possible introduction of sight words:  “the” and “to”

The reader is available in color, black and white, interactive version where the students cut and paste the picture that represents the print.


Follow-up Literacy Centers

Follow-up Literacy Center activities and templates are also included.  I always have four or five Literacy Centers that my students rotate to.  This system works for me.


Literacy Center One

Matching Letter Board Game

Matching Letter Board Game

Using the game board displayed in the photograph, the students can use the letters provided to:

1.  Draw and match them to the ones displayed on the board.

2.  Match upper-case letter partners to the lower-case letters displayed on the board.

3.  Place the alphabet cards in correct alphabet order on the blank board.Screen Shot 2014-05-25 at 9.48.51 PM

This activity was intentionally designed to vary in difficulty so that it can be used throughout the year.


Literacy Center Two

Draw and Print

Players would draw picture cards and determine if the picture begins with the “Ll or Bb” sound and print these letters on the template provided.


Literacy Center ThreeSpin-Top-Game

Spin and Print

The  top would be spun and the players would print the letters “Ll or Bb” accordingly.


Litearcy Center Four

Sight-Word-SpinnerSpin and Say Sight Word Game

Sight words would be printed on the template provided and the players would spin the top and read the words where the top lands.


Writing and CraftCraft-Wrting

Templates for this follow-up writing and craft activity are found within the mini-theme.  You will also need a head shot of your students.  Steps for completing the craft are outlined below:

1.  The students color book template.

2.  Draw a picture of what they like to read about on the template provided.  This would be cut out and glued to the front of the book template.

3.  Hands template would be photocopied on manila cardstock, cut and glued to the book template.

4.  Glue the head shot behind the book template.

5.  Complete the writing on what they enjoy reading about.  Younger students can have the words scribed for them.


Where Can You Access the Mini-Literacy Theme?

This Mini-Literacy theme has been added to the “About Me” theme found in the link below:


About Me Theme 


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Kindergarten Story Writing

Alphabet Writing Guide

Alphabet Writing Guide

Where I teach, the students are 4 and 5 years old when they enter kindergarten (most of them 4 years old).  There was a wide range of abilities when they entered in September.  Some of the students could not print their name, never held a pencil or scissors and had little familiarity with the alphabet.  I am continually amazed at how far they have come.  For their first story writing experience,  I had them follow a patterned story so all the students could experience success.  They chose their own setting, ending and different characters that would follow the patterned series of events as outlined in the emergent reader “Gingerbread Man Perseveres”.


Illustrating – Simple How to Draw Resources

Illustrating the story can be challenging for some students.  My assistant and I are constantly searching for books and resources that outline simple drawing steps for the students to use.  The best sites I have come across are outlined below:


Great How to Draw Site


Another Great How to Draw Site


Story Starter

Story Starter


On each page of their story book, the students were to complete the sentence displayed on the left.  I tried to reduce the amount of printing; to allow all them to be

Writing Sample One

Writing Sample One

successful.  They were to use kindergarten spelling (sound out words) and word wall words to complete each sentence.  Some of them still need to refer to the “Alphabet Writing Guide” displayed above, to help them recall what letter makes a specific sound.  Generally, most of the them do not require this support.  Other letter sounds are taught through shared reading and conferencing.


Story One

Sample Writing Two

Sample Writing Two

The page above was taken from a story where the setting is “Doggyland”.  All her characters are different types of dogs (a dog with colorful ears, little dog  and a pink dog).  We haven’t completed the stories yet.


Story Two

Writing Sample 3

Writing Sample 3

In this photograph, the author chose the setting to be a forest.


Story Three

The story on the right is (plum pudding with purple hair).  The author chose her characters to be related strawberry shortcake dolls and the setting is Berryland.


Writing Sample 4

Writing Sample 4

Story Four

This story on the left takes place in a backyard.


Our Chalk Drawings – Guided Drawing Lesson

Chalk Drawing One

Chalk Drawing One

Guided drawing lessons are regularly implemented within our plans and the Fairy Tales theme unit offered a great opportunity to for the students to experiment and practice their drawing skills.  My teacher assistant took a small group of students and discussed characters and settings found within different fairy tale stories.  The students chose one of these to draw.  The students drew the picture, added color with chalk and smudged the colors with a keenex.  After, we outlined the drawings with a black marker, cut and displayed them on the bulletin board.


Repunzal Drawinh

Repunzal Drawing

Chalk Drawing One

The artist chose to draw a castle as displayed above.


Chalk Drawing Two

The artist on the left chose to draw Repunzal.


Knight Chalk Chalk Drawing

Knight Chalk Chalk Drawing

Chalk Drawing Three

This artist chose to draw a knight.


In Conclusion

I have taught many different grades;  kindergarten and grade one are one of the most exciting in terms of witnessing growth.  It was only a few months ago when I was working with the students in hearing beginning sounds and now many of them can hear them at the beginning, middle and end of a word and print the letter that represents these sounds.  Their printing was initially scribbling and now their thoughts are expressed by using letters.  Initially, they did not know the difference between a word and letter but now they can track and read words.  This is why I love teaching!!!


More Ideas Related to the Fairy Tale Theme


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