Importance of Phonics
Research has proven that phonics needs to be taught within our classrooms. There are different approaches to teaching phonics, which are outlined in the link below:
Different Approaches to Teaching Phonics and Findings
Kinderplans Phonics Program
The Kinderplans phonics program uses a combination of these approaches. The video below provides an informative description of the program.
Ordering of Teaching Phonics
How should different phonics sounds be introduced in terms of ordering? I have often been perplexed by this myself. Below is a guide that will provide assistance with planning. I have also provided visuals that I use when I go beyond teaching just the consonants and vowels. The Kinderplans alphabet program provides effective visuals for teaching the consonants and vowels.
Single consonants are the easiest to learn. Consonants can be divided into three categories:
These are the easiest for the learners to remember and hear. When you say the letter name you can hear its corresponding sound be stretching the end.
l, f, m, n, r, s, v, z
You can hear the sound in these letter names as well but air flow does not allow you to stretch the sounds.
b, d, j, k, p, t and q
The consonants below are trickier because you cannot hear the sound within the letter name.
c, g, h, w, x and y
Short vowels are taught first because phonics rules often determine if a long vowel sound is made.
The next group of sounds to be taught are the vowel digraphs. These are consonants that come together to make a special sound. The most common digraphs are outlined below:
sh, ch, wh, th
This is when two are more consonants are blended together. Some common consonant blends are outlined below:
bl, br, cl, cr, dr, fr, tr, fl, gl, gr, pl, pr, sl, sm, sp, st
The next group, are the final “e” words. This is when the long vowel sound is taught in relation to the “e” being placed in the final position of the word.
make, pine, kite, cone
This is when two vowels are together in a word. These together can make a long vowel sound heard by the first vowel, but this does not always occur.
boat, read, pay, feet,
Is a combination of two adjacent sounds within one syllable. Examples of vowel diphthongs are outlined below:
out, soil, toy, haul
The letter “r” controls the sounds the vowel is going to make.
teacher, shark, star, bird
Fabulous Freebies – Phonics Visuals
In the link below are visuals that I use to teach other phonics sounds once my learners have master the consonant and vowels sounds.
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